What Is Temporal Arteritis?

By becky
Reviewed: Dr. Mera
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The temporal arteries are located on both sides of the head. There are deep, superficial and middle temporal arteries. The deep temporal arteries supply the large muscles that help raise the lower jaw. The superficial temporal arteries pass over the zygomatic process on the temporal bone and supply blood to more superficial parts of the head and face. The middle temporal arteries send blood to one of the large muscles that help raise the lower jaw.

There are conditions that can negatively affect the temporal arteries, including temporal arteritis. This condition is fairly common and is treatable by a medical professional.

1. What Is Temporal Arteritis?

This condition affects the temporal arteries, causing them to become damaged and/or inflamed. Despite its name and the fact that it most often affects the temporal arteries, temporal arteritis can actually potentially occur in practically any artery in the body that is medium to large in size.

The condition is also commonly referred to as giant cell arteritis or cranial arteritis. It’s a form of vasculitis, and there are more than 200,000 cases diagnosed each year. Though symptoms may vary depending on the severity of the condition, it’s important to note that the condition can be critical and usually requires prompt medical intervention.

Temporal Arteritis

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