Glucose is one of our main sources of energy, and we get it from the food that we eat. Once we have eaten food containing glucose, it will be absorbed into our bloodstream where it can then be transported to where it is needed. In order to be able to use the glucose for energy, however, there needs to be a type of hormone known as insulin.
If, for whatever reason, there is not enough insulin then the patient will be unable to process the sugar in their blood. This means the patient will struggle to get the energy that they need, and that the glucose will remain in their blood.
1. Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the patient does not have enough insulin in their body. In some cases, they may have no insulin at all. This is because the hormone is not being produced by the pancreas as it usually would. This, in turn, leaves the patient unable to regulate the levels of sugar in their blood.
Type 1 diabetes can cause some very unwelcome symptoms and, in some cases, it can cause dangerous complications. There is also no known cure for the condition, and the patient will need to carefully manage it for the rest of their lives.