The scalp refers to the anatomical area bordering the face and neck. Usually described as having five distinct layers, it can be divided into the skin, connective tissue, aponeurosis, loose areolar connective tissue, and periosteum.
A dry scalp should not be confused with dandruff as the two conditions are distinct. While a dry scalp does not contain enough moisture, dandruff can be caused by a dry scalp, fungal infection, or other causes, resulting in flakes. It is important to know the difference as the treatment options are different for both these conditions.
A dry scalp is usually seen among individuals with dry skin and can cause flaking, itching, and irritation. The flakes seen in a dry scalp are smaller and whiter compared to dandruff. The hair can also appear dry as oil from the scalp is required to condition the hair. Some possible causes of a dry scalp include excessive hair washing, dry air (mostly seen during the winter months), and some skin conditions such as eczema. Below are 10 home remedies to try if you have a dry scalp.
Home Remedy #1: Gentle Shampoo
Shampoo is a product used to clean the hair. It is usually applied to wet hair, massaged onto the scalp and hair, and rinsed out after. It is mostly used to remove the buildup of sebum. Shampoo is usually made by combining a surfactant and cosurfactant in water. Specialty shampoos are available for individuals with issues such as gluten allergies, dandruff, and parasite infestations.
Individuals with a dry scalp should try looking for shampoo that contains gentle and natural ingredients such as baobab oil, aloe vera, and argan oil. It would be advisable to avoid shampoos that contain harsh chemicals and sulfates.