Dyslipidemia is a medical term for abnormal levels of blood lipids. It is closely linked to high cholesterol, but it includes the full range of lipids. Hyperlipidemia refers to levels that are elevated beyond a normal range. On the other hand, when lipid levels are abnormally low it is called hypolipidemia. This condition is much less common.
If you left your last annual physical wondering “what is dyslipidemia and how do I get rid of it?”, you are not alone. Despite its unnerving name, it is a very common condition that can be effectively treated.
1. What Are the Most Common Types of Dyslipidemia?
There are two main types of dyslipidemia: primary and secondary. The primary condition occurs due to genetics. It may appear at any age regardless of lifestyle behaviors. Because primary dyslipidemia is inherited, it occurs at higher rates within certain families.
Secondary cases are due to external influences. These may be lifestyle behaviors or medical conditions. Elevated lipid levels are very common alongside certain conditions like diabetes, digestive disorder, severe infection and liver disease.