Papilledema, also called papilledema, is a condition that affects the optic disc of the optic nerve on the back surface on the inside of the eyes. The condition usually develops as a consequence of increased intracranial pressure. The condition usually affects both eyes, although it can occur in only one eye. The condition causes disturbances in vision, headaches, and nausea among other symptoms.
Papilledema is a serious condition that comes about as a result of underlying conditions such as brain tumors, encephalitis, meningitis, and other brain infections. The condition should therefore be treated as soon as possible to prevent permanent damage. If left untreated, papilledema can lead to impaired vision. It may even be life threatening if its underlying cause is a serious disease such as meningitis.
1. Symptoms of Papilledema
There are several symptoms associated with papilledema. The most common signs are short-lived blurring or loss of vision. The patient may also see flashes of light for brief moments. If the intracranial does not go back to normal, the brief changes may occur for minutes or even longer, and with time may become permanent. Other symptoms include nausea and vomiting, noise in the ears, also called tinnitus, and headaches.